Willow has been used for pain relief since antiquity. It was recommended by Hippocrates, Galen and Dioscorides for that. The Leechbook of Bald suggests this use for it: A head bath for that (baldness); boil willow leaves in water, wash with that, ere thou sinear it, and pound the leaves soContinue Reading

The Carnation has been used medicinally for approximately 2000 years, at least in China. This site gives a good account of its use there. Gerard tells us of the carnation:“The conserve made of the floures of the Clove Gillofloure and sugar, is exceeding cordiall,and wonderfully above measure doth comfort theContinue Reading

The lettuce that our Leech wants in her leech’s bag is Lactuca virosa, the wild lettuce. Lactuca sativa has had most of the active principles bred out of it although Aelfrida would not have hesitated to use the sativa in a pinch, especially for lesser complaints. It has been commonlyContinue Reading